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THE FIVE FREEDOMS OF ANIMAL WELFARE

The 5 freedoms are a set of standards that we, as animal owners and carers, must understand to ensure the welfare of the animals are provided.These standards are internationally-recognised and are not just about the things that we want to do for our animals, but also things we must do in order to be a responsible owners.

For Indo Pet Expo 2017, we are highlighting the theme of "Promoting Responsible Care for Your Pet's Welfare", and it starts from these five basic freedom needs:

1. Freedom from hunger and thirst (food and water)

All animals deserve access to clean water and a well-balanced, nutritious diet. Freedom from hunger and thirst provides for animals most basic needs by allowing that animal to remain in good health and full of vitality.

2. Freedom from discomfort (shelter)

All animals should live in an appropriate environment. The conditions and surroundings given to an animal contribute to its overall well-being. By providing an animal with shelter and a comfortable resting area, you are ensuring that the animal remains healthy and happy.

3. Freedom from pain, injury and disease (medical care)

All animals should be entitled to immediate veterinary attention when sick or injured to avoid unnecessary suffering. In certain cases, unneccesary pain and injury can be prevented through regular visits to a vet.

4. Freedom to express normal behaviour (exercise)

All animals should be allowed to express normal behaviours. A normal behaviour is the way an animal acts in its natural environment. Enough space, proper shelter and housing as well as adequate exercise, opportunity to play and the company of the animal's own kind encourages the expression of normal behaviours.

5. Freedom from fear and distress (love and understanding)

All animals deserve to be happy. Ensuring conditions that avoid unnecessary anxiety and stress will help to provide freedom from mental suffering. While favourable physical conditions are essential, appropriate mental conditions are also important to good animal welfare.

Having a pet is a huge responsibility, so to ensure the happiness and well-being of our beloved companion animals, we must provide our pets with the five freedoms all the time.

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